The protector of women

The first description of lady’s mantle dates back to 1539, when the German botanist and physician Hieronymus Bock, known also by his Latin name Tragus, kicked off the process of modernisation of medieval botany. Bock laid the foundations of modern science with his catalogue of 700 plants based on observation and detailed description. Kreutterbuch, literally translated as the “plant book”, first appeared unillustrated. In the following 1546 edition it contained excellent drawings by the artist David Kandel. This particular book later served as a basis for Carl Linnaeus’ bionomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms.

Bock knew well where each plant grew, which shows that he must have travelled a lot researching vegetation in the field. It is not an accident that a German scientist classified lady’s mantle in his book as a very important and useful plant; the plant was highly respected by the ancient German tribes and devoted to Frigg, the goddess of beauty and fertility.

Lady’s mantle was given its scientific name Alchemilla vulgaris thanks to alchemists’ belief that dew on its leaves could lead them to philosopher’s stone which has the ability to transform base metals into gold. Lady’s mantle is a pretty plant on whose leaves one can see droplets shining like little pearls throughout the day. Probably it was its beauty that first attracted our ancestors who soon realised that lady’s mantle’s biggest value were its medicinal properties. Women were particularly convinced of that.


Lady’s mantle can be found all over our hilly Balkan peninsula and has been used in folk medicine since time immemorial. Apart from helping with stomach upsets and diarrhoea, it helps to heal wounds and calm skin infections. It is most useful to women. Its precious ingredients – tannins, bitter glycosides, flavonoids, phytosterols, salicylic acid, saponins, ethereal oil – have anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties.

This natural hormone balancer helps with irregular or heavy periods, cysts, polycystic ovaries, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, but is also known to ease labour pain, speed up wound healing and recovery after childbirth. Tannins and astringents prevent increased bleeding and lessen period pains. With its anti-fungal properties it can help fight fungus and bacterial vaginitis; thanks to its power to prevent bacterial growth, some experience shows that it helps even to fight staphylococcus. Research has shown that lady’s mantle is useful in treating conditions caused by the human papillomavirus and that its ingredient agrimoniin prevents breast cancer.

A legend has it that women used to believe that dew droplets from lady’s mantle leaves can help them remain forever young. But the ritual was not simple: at midnight, only on the nights when the Moon is full, fully naked, they would have to dip their small toe in the dew on lady’s mantle. Today we know that we do not have to be naked and wait for midnight, but lady’s mantle can certainly help us remain young for longer: in addition to using its leaves to treat skin conditions, it is excellent in reducing wrinkles and age spots. But the biggest aesthetic benefit is that lady’s mantle can enable us to maintain a good hormonal balance and thus remove the unwanted symptoms of such imbalance: obesity, acne, greasy skin, increased hairiness. And when the menopause time comes it can reduce its symptoms too.


Youthfulness and the future generations can be helped by lady’s mantle: this plant, in addition to its other beneficial properties, helps women with sterility issues. It is not by accident that lady’s mantle was devoted to Frigg, the goddess of fertility, and later in the Middle Ages, to Virgin Mary, our Lady, whose mantle or protector it was. Once upon a time women used to pick lady’s mantle and kept it in vases at home to increase femininity and attract love. Today we know that lady’s mantle increases the growth of progesterone, normalises the levels of hormones, strengthens the endometrium – the uterine lining, stimulates the ovaries and ovulation, and thus not only increases fertility but also ensures that pregnancy is free from complications and does not result in a miscarriage.

Lady’s mantle can be used on its own, but it is best used in combination with other herbs, such as yarrow, marigold, herb robert, shepherd’s purse and parsley. Nowadays we do not have to go in search of these herbs because they can already be found in their clearest and most usable form and perfect proportions in the completely natural preparation in our pharmacies. Femisan A, “cloaked in lady’s mantle” has been a woman’s best friend for two decades.


Menstruation is an ever present phenomenon in every woman’s life, and a foundation of her functioning reproductive system. With small variations from month to month, menstrual bleeding is rather consistent. Thus, it is not difficult to detect sudden abnormalities. First of all, we need to know what ‘normal’ is. Periods should occur 21-35 days apart, and should not last for longer than 7 days. They should occur regularly on a monthly basis. Although a certain level of discomfort and pain is usually present, it shouldn’t get in the way of our usual everyday activities. The bleeding should occur during the period, and not in between.

Teenage girls usually find their periods rather frenzied and unpredictable, however as the ovaries age, ovulation and menstruation become more and more regular. Once it becomes stable, even the slightest changes will sound an alarm.

What are the changes in our cycle trying to tell us?

  • If periods suddenly start lasting longer than usual, it can be a sign of polyps or uterine fibroids, benign changes on the uterine wall. A detailed pelvic checkup and transvaginal ultrasound is advised.
  • Large blood clots, size of a coin, usually accompanied by heavy bleeding during periods, point at endometriosis, the disorder where the endometrium – lining of the uterus, grows outside of it and reacts to the secreted hormones the same way as normal endometrium, shedding its lining during a period. Since endometriosis can cause numerous complications, urgent help from a professional is a must.
  • Extremely painful periods can be another sign of endometriosis. Certain level of menstrual pain and discomfort is normal, however if it is so severe that it impedes everyday activities, month after month, professional help is needed.
  • Spotting between periods or inter-menstrual bleeding that lasts longer than two months can indicate a hormone imbalance or an STD. However, sometimes spotting can simply be caused by stress or sudden weight loss. Anyway, it’s always wiser to get a checkup on time.
  • If menstrual blood is too light, our estrogen levels could be too low, preventing the uterine lining to form properly. It is usually accompanied with hair loss, irregular periods and vaginal dryness.
  • Absence of menstruation, amenorrhea, unless caused by pregnancy, can occur at times of extreme stress, malnutrition and low fat diet, too much exercise, thyroid disorder or onset of menopause.
  • Irregular periods or missed periods could indicate a hormone imbalance caused by polycystic ovaries, particularly if they are accompanied with weight gain, fatigue, increased facial hair, acne, mood swings and abdominal pain. Any absence of menstruation longer than 3 months requires a medical checkup.
  • Heavy periods that last longer than 7 days could be a sign of uterine fibroids. Fibroids are caused by hormone imbalance, and although they are benign, they could cause discomfort by, for example, putting too much pressure on the bladder, or triggering extremely heavy bleeding which could lead to anemia.

We live in a world where menstrual disorders are becoming much more common than normal periods. Sadly, our environment is swamped with hormone disruptors which are impossible to avoid. However, there are certain aspects of our lives that we can control: getting enough sleep, exercising regularly and moderately, cutting out alcohol, caffeine, fast food and sugar, maintaining normal weight and having regular medical checkups.

For centuries, women have been seeking relief in nature. Today, old experience is united with modern, scientific knowledge in Femisan A, an entirely natural, herbal preparation. Femisan A can help regulate the menstrual cycle, balance hormones, strengthen the lining of the uterus, eliminate cysts, protect the ovaries and reduce menstrual pain.

Heavy Period, Heavy Burden

Every woman has an idea what represents ‘normal’ menstrual bleeding. Science says that the average amount of blood lost during a period is 35ml, and that anything above 80ml is abnormal, as it could lead to anemia, as well as hint at certain disorders. Young girls usually experience heavier bleeding due to the fact that they may not be ovulating on a regular basis. The uterus lining – endometrium is controlled by estrogen and progesterone. It is normally shed during a period, however a hormonal imbalance could cause it to build up. Thus, once the period comes, it is heavier. Heavy periods should subside by the age of 20.

Women with constant heavier bleeding in their twenties and thirties should consult a doctor, especially if the periods are prolonged, if they are feeling tired, lightheaded, breathless and unable to sleep well. The doctor will probably do a blood test to check the iron levels, since prolonged bleeding often causes anemia. The cause of heavy periods should also be ascertained.

As women approach menopause, the estrogen levels might vary and cause a heavier flow. The problem is often aggravated in overweight women, as the abdominal fat produces prehormone androstenedione that converts to estrogen. Hormonal changes could also cause fibroids and polyps which are the cause of heavy bleeding in approximately 40% of women.

If your period becomes heavier all of a sudden, it can be quite frightening. Still, you should not panic, but observe it: the best way to do so is to keep a journal. Write down when the symptoms started and ended, how heavy and painful it was, if you observed excessive clotting, and any other perceived abnormalities. If heavy bleeding persists during the next period as well, then you should consult your doctor. One of the signs that your period is not normal is that it incapacitates you: you miss school or work, you can’t do sports or other usual activities. If you feel so embarrassed by the quantity of blood loss that you’d rather stay at home than engage in social activities, you definitely need professional help.

So, what are the most usual causes of heavy bleeding?

  •          If you have recently changed your birth control method, especially with an intra-uterine device, you may observe heavier flow. Furthermore, if you go off the Pill, you’ll have to adapt to the change of hormones which might cause heavier periods.
  •          Heavy flow may be a sign of fibroids and polyps, benign changes and outgrowths of the lining of the womb.
  •          Adenomyosis, or endometriosis of the uterus leads to an enlarged uterus with a hard lining, which is painful and can cause seriously heavy bleeding.
  •          Pelvic inflammatory disease is caused by a bacterial infection in the womb or fallopian tubes. In 90% of cases it is caused by sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. Apart from causing heavy bleeding, it can lead to serious infertility problems.
  •          PCOS – Polycystic ovarian syndrome can be very incapacitating, painful and cause heavy, extended periods.
  •          Endometrial carcinoma, cancer of the womb lining could also cause heavy bleeding, luckily, it is not very common.
  •          In rare cases, irregular and heavy bleeding can be caused by thyroid and blood clotting disorders.

The modern medicine has one solution for these problems: a birth control pill. It will help eight out of ten women to control heavy bleeding. However, it can have serious side effects, from intermenstrual spotting, breast tenderness, decreased libido, to nausea, headaches, weight gain, mood swings, and even problems with vision, especially with contact lens wearers.

Luckily, there is a natural and effective solution: Femisan A plus Maca Capsules. Femisan A is a completely natural formula that contributes to normal physiological functions of the female reproductive system. It contains dry extracts of lady’s mantle, yarrow, marigold, crane’s bill, golden maca root, shepherd’s purse, as well as zinc, the essential element that contributes to maintenance of normal hormone levels and fertility. The combination of ingredients in Femisan A has a strong astringent effect that can efficiently control menstrual bleeding and soothe unpleasant painful symptoms.